HOTESSAY | 留學生論文作業代寫服務機構
Professional Academic Writing & Editing Service
專業英文論文代寫服務 100%通過保障

英文寫作中正確的引用才是避免plagiarism的關鍵

專家教授專家學者們一般會標準寫作規范,制訂怎樣編寫碩博士論文與學術研究文章內容及其文件格式規定。學界所鑒定的規范植根據以哪種編寫方法會被認同,哪種編寫方法則會被拒絕。
英文寫作中正確的引用才是避免plagiarism的關鍵
The community of scholars has rules that govern how dissertations,theses and other academic papers are composed and formatted.Academic convention has established what is acceptable and what is not.

Give full credit to sources and avoid plagiarism恰當引入出處,防止剽竊之嫌

When a writer submits an academic paper,there should be no question about the submitter being the author of it.Even if the paper is,say,uncharacteristically refined in its approach,or astonishingly thorough in its research,the writer's integrity should not be doubted.Yet only one person can ensure that such suspicions do not develop:the person whose name is on the paper.

期刊論文的寫作者發表論文后,決不允許被別人提出質疑文章投稿者是不是為寫作者。就算本文文采十分完善精練、科研成果極為深層次詳細,寫作者自己的誠實守信也不應遭到猜疑。但是,可以避免這類提出質疑的人只有一個:寫作者自己。

We are talking here about the“P”word—plagiarism.A person who plagiarizes commits literary theft.The Council of Writing Administrators—an American association of university faculty—says plagiarism occurs when,“in instructional settings…a writer deliberately uses someone else's language,ideas,or other original…material without acknowledg?ing its source.”

在這里表明plagiarism剽竊。剽竊別人的著作便是偷盜。寫作研究會—由美國高校專家教授構成—的剽竊界定為:在教學環境中,剽竊便是故意應用別人的語言、念頭、或別的原創觀念這些,卻未標明出處。

Stolen in this way are ideas still in the abstract,or words concretely arranged in a uniquely identifiable way and particular context.When they are lifted without credit being given,they no longer qualify as fruits of original scholarship.Rather,they are the detritus of an intellectual crime.Their cribbed presence in a paper is unforgivable evidence that corners were cut.

失竊用的舉凡非實際的念頭,或者以各種各樣與眾不同、可識別的方法所實際闡述的內容這些。假如應用這種材料時不標明出處,你的畢業論文著作就不能叫作原創,僅僅聰慧違法犯罪后的殘疾等級。在文章內容里帶入這種新聞資訊,就是寫作者鉆空子下不能抹滅的直接證據。

How can a writer avoid becoming a plagiarist?Resolve not to steal.Yes,it is that elementary.Deliberate theft is a conscious act.There is no mistake involved.Therefore,thievery is not a problem if it is eschewed as a matter of individual character.Academic pressure is no excuse for submitting another person's work as one's own.When that happens,it is a failure of character.

寫作者怎樣才可以防止剽竊?要是下決心不盜竊就可以。沒有錯,便是那么簡易。故意盜竊是有目的的個人行為,沒有辯駁的機遇。要是體認到盜竊關乎個人道德修養,應能勸阻剽竊產生。學術研究工作壓力不可以做為抄襲別人著作的辯駁,會產生這類事便是意味著本人品行有什么問題。

A less insidious but still serious indictment of a writer is commission of inadvertent plagiarism.This happens when the language of a source is submerged in a writer's mind and transferred accidentally to a paper.Or when an idea becomes buried in research and its source forgotten when it is unearthed in the course of writing.Or it can be as simple as overlooking a citation.

此外一個情況不那么罪不可赦,但是仍是相當嚴重的控告,那便是偶然間的剽竊。會產生這類情況可能是一些意識已深植寫作者心里,使他一時不小心寫進自己的文章;或是該念頭原是諸多科學研究之一,僅僅寫作者在寫作全過程中忘記了它的出處;又也許,寫作者純碎僅僅漏了標明出處。

In other words,careless work also can bring charges of plagiarism.While less incriminating than outright theft,academic sloppiness is not a shiny credential.A serious academic writer will strictly avoid willful and accidental plagiarism by painstakingly attributing the work of others,personally committing to original research and non-adaptive thinking—and refusing to steal.

也就是說,寫作時滿不在乎也會導致剽竊的控告。雖然不象立即抄襲一樣比較嚴重,寫作粗心大意的研究方向,對學術研究寫作者的信譽仍然沒有益處。認真細致的期刊論文寫作者會嚴于律己,引入別人著作時一絲不茍地標明清晰,著眼于獨創性的科學研究與認真細致的思索方法,并回絕抄襲—徹底避免有意或偶然間的剽竊。

在線客服

售前咨詢
售后咨詢
微信號
Essay_Cheery
微信

在線客服

售前咨詢
售后咨詢
微信號
Essay_Cheery
微信